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Lianchannel - Imam Hussain(AS) and his Reasons of Uprising (Revolution)



Life of Imam Husain (AS)
After the death of Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan, Yazid ibn Mu'awiya sent a letter to the governor of Medina to take an allegiance from Husain ibn Ali and others. But Husain bin Ali did not swear allegiance to Yazid, and nightly moved with his family to Mecca. [5] When Imam Husain (AS) stayed in Mecca, many people of Kufa invited him to guide and lead them. Despite the opposition of some people such as Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr and others, Imam Husain (AS) accepted the invitation of the people and moved toward Kufa. Unfortunately, before Imam Husain (AS) arrived to Kufa, he heard that his representative, Muslim bin Aqeel, was martyred by Ibn Ziad, so he did not continue going to Kufa rather he moved towards Karbala. Imam (AS), his children such as Ali Akbar and Ali Asghar as well as his seventy-two of the best companions were martyred in Karbala.[6]

The Reasons of the Uprising and Revolution
1) The corrupt Sovereignty
Yazid was one of the corrupt Omayyad rulers who was not properly educated with the teachings of Islam. According to historic sources he used to drink alcohol, gamble, and commit all other sins. Yazid said: Banu Hashim staged a play to obtain the Kingdom. Actually, there was neither any news (from Allah) nor any revelation. [7] Such a man could not be entrusted with the affairs of the nation. In this situation, Imam Husain (AS) felt that his religious and human duty is to revolt against Yazid. [8]
2) Enjoining good and forbidding evil
another reason is the "enjoining good and forbidding evil". When Imam Husain (AS) was preparing to leave on his longest journey, he bid adieu to the grave of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet (P). Then he left his brother Mohammed Bin Hanafiyyah some explanations of his aims and objectives of his uprising in a will writing that " surely the aim of my stand is not inspired by vain exultation and it is also not for the quest of kingdom, neither it is to cause dissension and corruption nor it is to wrong anybody unjustly. The purpose of my stand is the reformation of my grandfather's nation. I intend to enjoin goodness and forbid evil. I want to emulate my grandfather, the Holy Prophet (P) and my father Ali Bin Abu Talib (A). Whosoever accepts me by accepting the truth he must know that Allah is higher than the truth. And whosoever rejects me then I will bear patiently until Allah adjudges between me and them and He is the best Judge."[9]In conclusion the reasons of Imam Husain's uprising (revolution) could be:
1. Uprising against the rule of a tyrant 
2 Reformation of his grandfather's nation.
3. Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil
4. Renewal and Revival of the tradition of the Holy Prophet (P) and Imam Ali (AS)

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References
[1] https://whoishussain.org
[2] Tareekh Ibn Asakir, ch. 13 p. 209
[3] Silsilat al-Ahadeeth al-Saheeha, ch. 2 p. 444;
[4] Shiekh Mofed, Muhammad ibn Muhammad, Alarshad, , 1378, p.75.
[5] The life of Imam Husain. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 58
[6] Madelung, Wilferd. "HOSAYN B. ALI". Iranica. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
[7] http://www.ezsoftech.com/mazloom/
[8] http://www.ezsoftech.com/mazloom/
[9] Tarikhe-Tabari vol.7, pg.240

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Tags: imam Hussain ، shia Muslim ، Karbala ، Ashura ، who is Hussain ،

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